Credit cards and loans can affect your credit differently. Credit cards are revolving accounts whereas most loans are installment accounts. A mix of different types of accounts can be useful. Do you have any credit cards or loans now?
While some people need to repair minor infractions, others have major issues to recover from. According to VantageScore, here are the approximate lengths of time it takes to repair credit based on your actions:
Your payment history is the key factor that helps to determine your credit score. In the simplest terms, your payment history is based on how often you pay at least the minimum payment on your bills on time. However, some of the other factors aren’t so simple. The second most important factor is the amount you owe, which is based on the amount of credit you have available compared to the amount of debt you have. This is called your credit utilization ration, and it matters because lenders believe you are more likely to miss payments if your credit cards are maxed out.
hawkne, you are incorrect. One of the biggest impacts on a credit score is the length of credit history, which for young people, is usually very low. In order to get the best score, you need to have at 7 years of credit history. Another factor is number of accounts, also low for young people. And credit utilization, which is directly impacted by your credit limit, which is almost always orders of magnitude lower for people with little credit history. The other factor – number of inquiries in the last two years – is also high (lower score) for people just starting to utilize credit, since they have just started opening their accounts. Basically, a person who is just starting to build his/her credit history has a terrible score. I can tell you this from personal experience, as a person who has a relatively new credit history, with no late payments, and has been monitoring it like a hawk.
Experian, Equifax, TransUnion and their trade association (the Consumer Data Industry Association or “CDIA”) have all gone on record saying that employers do not receive credit scores on the credit reports sold for the purposes of employment screening. The use of credit reports for employment screening is allowed in all states, although some have passed legislation limiting the practice to only certain positions. Eric Rosenberg, director of state government relations for TransUnion, has also stated that there is no research that shows any statistical correlation between what’s in somebody’s credit report and their job performance or their likelihood to commit fraud.
Gerri Detweiler – high credit scores are so highly sought after that the alternate route of building wealth is nearly inconceivable. I am curious to see if there is an answer to my question…if i maintain payments on my credit card at 10% utilization, how long will it take me to acquire a million dollar net worth??
Suggest that you avoid debit card. Get a secured credit card ( you pay a certain amount up front ) and pay it down 100% every month. You will start to establish a credit history. Most young people do not have bad credit, they just have no credit history. You can’t start off with a car loan, start off small with credit card and build it from there. Banks and credit rating agencies want to see a history of paying back loans, and income to support continued repayment of loans.
I’m guessing you are lucky enough to have a high-paying job, Ray? I was at one time making six-figures and had a credit score of over 800. When my job was sent overseas, I had to short sell my house and sell everything. I am back on track now but with a much lower-paying job. I pay ALL of my bills on time, sometimes early, and always pay over the minimum payment on my credit card. Yet somehow, I am still only considered average in terms of credit risk because of the short sell due to my job being outsourced – completely out of my control. I still maintain the same financially responsible habits, have for nearly six years since my layoff, yet my score is still only “Fair.” I’m not whining, and I work extremely hard 40 hours a week to make ends meet, so please don’t make the assumption that everybody who has a “fair” credit score is some kind of lazy bum. That is an extremely arrogant assumption.
There’s no quick fix. Improving your credit health takes time, but the most important behaviors can be summed up as this: Pay your bills on time (and if possible, in full) and reduce the amount you owe. It also helps to check your credit reports regularly and dispute any errors you see, such as a collections account that hasn’t been removed from your reports after seven years from the original delinquency date.
That’s because you’re penalized for owing too much money compared to the amount of credit you have access to, which is measured by your credit utilization ratio. Plus, by paying off credit cards and high interest loans early, you’ll save yourself countless dollars in interest payments.
Never reported? That’s just not right!!! I’m going to try and keep a car payment for a while longer. It’s sure not like your cc’s where you can pay them in full. But will give them what they want to see. 30 years old and still on your credit! Sounds like you need to dispute it. I would keep disputing with the credit agency over and over again. This is FLBiker’s wife. I found a $67.00 collection that we didn’t owe & had a time trying to remove it. I just kept on disputing it until they finally realized I wasn’t going away & I wanted it removed! Never give up! You will get out of debt.
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Good article. I guess the metrics can vary between different scoring models… The metric’s on FICO’s website is little bit different then what you’ve posted. They have poor credit listed between 350 – 599, fair credit as 600 – 659, good credit at 660 – 719, and excellent credit at 720 – 850.
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i have a CS 612-629, jus got approved for 2 CC frm CapOne w/ $500 CL each. I have nothing on my credit report but a student loan paid off. i plan on charging 30% or $150 each card and pay bal full ea month. Is this fine to build my CS quickly n efficiently? i can only pay monthly but read some of u pay weekly, is weekly a quicker way to CS or bout same as monthly. I don’t like credit prefer save n buy cash but i want a car (new) in a year and house in two. lol please help, advise lol
I have built my credit back up from my low score due to delinquencies from my abusive ex. He ruined my credit, and it has taken me about 4 years to fix my credit. My scored was up to 719 in Nov 2016, and I was able to get a loan and buy my first Home. I also was finally able to get a decent credit card. My previous one was a 250 dollar limit First Premier card with monthly and annual fees (those without credit have to pay to start building credit) Currently my score is 675, since I just got a new mortgage, but I applied and got two other major credit cards, and cancelled my First Premier one finally, after 7 years usuing that one. My score will take a little time to get back up past 700, but I don’t need the credit now, having made my home purchase and currently having 5100$ credit limit, which I use responsibly, keeping my limit under 20%, and paying them off every month on time. I am sure my credit will be back up in 3 months.
Finally, it’s important to note that while many different types of credit scores exist, the most popular ones all use the standard 300 to 850 credit-score range. They’re also based on the same information – your credit reports – and produce very similar results in most cases, according to the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau. So it doesn’t really matter whether an average credit score is based on a VantageScore or FICO model, as long the data is consistent. After all, there isn’t one “real” credit score.
He adds: “As I grew older, I became more aware of how good credit opened opportunities for advancing and enhancing my life. So I continued to work on getting an ever-better score. After a while, it not only became a goal but … a total obsession.”
You were not being at all arrogant, just giving great advice. Too many people want to demonize people that are responsible and sensible in order to lessen the burden of their own poor decisions. Lost your job? Where is your savings? Why are you in such debt that you can’t recover from being out of work for a period of time, etc… I’m definitely not prepared to lose an income, but I realize that it’s my own decision making in the past that would put me in jeopardy… If you play with fire…
Sweden has a system for credit scoring that aims to find people with a history of neglect to pay bills or, most commonly, taxes. Anyone who does not pay their debts on time, and fails to make payments after a reminder, will have their case forwarded to the Swedish Enforcement Authority which is a national authority for collecting debts. The mere appearance of a company, or government office, as a debtor to this authority will result in a record among private credit bureaus; however, this does not apply to individuals as debtors. This record is called a Betalningsanmärkning (non-payment record) and by law can be stored for three years for an individual and five years for a company. This kind of nonpayment record will make it very difficult to get a loan, rent an apartment, get telephone subscriptions, rent a car or get a job where you handle cash. The banks, also use income and asset figures in connection with loan assessments.
Let’s suppose you want to buy a new car. You find one for $20,000 and choose a four-year loan period. When the financing department of the dealership runs the numbers, they discover you have a credit score of 615. You’re not in the “Bad” category, but still a long ways from “Fair.” That loan will cost you 13.55 percent interest, and over the next four years you pay a total of $6,017 in interest.
And it’s not like you can know with absolute certainty what is affecting your credit score. FICO says 35% of your score derives from your payment history and 30% from the amount you owe. But in actually calculating the score, each of these categories is broken down even further, and FICO doesn’t disclose how that works. (See also: Do You Understand Your Credit Score?)
2 Daily monitoring will notify you of certain new inquiries and derogatory information, accounts, public records, or change of address that have been added to your credit reports as reported by one of the major credit reporting agencies. If no information has been added or changed, then you will receive a quarterly notification stating that no information has changed within your credit file.
If you are repairing damaged credit, however, it can take much longer to up your score. A person who only qualifies for a secured card, for example, can generally improve to fair credit within 12 to 18 months – with responsible card usage, of course.
It might take a little time and effort, but if you persevere, you’ll soon start to see a noticeable difference in your credit score. Then, you’ll be able to pat yourself on the back for having above-average credit in both your state and the nation. Even better than that? You’ll start getting better offers on interest rates and other loan terms.