In the United States, the median generic FICO score was 723 in 2006 and 711 in 2011. The performance definition of the FICO risk score (its stated design objective) is to predict the likelihood that a consumer will go 90 days past due or worse in the subsequent 24 months after the score has been calculated. The higher the consumer’s score, the less likely he or she will go 90 days past due in the subsequent 24 months after the score has been calculated. Because different lending uses (mortgage, automobile, credit card) have different parameters, FICO algorithms are adjusted according to the predictability of that use. For this reason, a person might have a higher credit score for a revolving credit card debt when compared to a mortgage credit score taken at the same point in time.
There is no secret recipe for building an 850 credit score. But there is indeed a playbook for putting yourself in the best position to achieve the highest possible credit score. It all begins with a credit card, as you’ll learn from the following:
New credit scores have been developed in the last decade by companies such as Scorelogix, PRBC, L2C, Innovis etc. which do not use bureau data to predict creditworthiness. Scorelogix’s JSS Credit Score uses a different set of risk factors, such as the borrower’s job stability, income, income sufficiency, and impact of economy, in predicting credit risk, and the use of such alternative credit scores is on the rise. These new types of credit scores are often combined with FICO or bureau scores to improve the accuracy of predictions. Most lenders today use some combination of bureau scores and alternative credit scores to develop better understanding of a borrower’s ability to pay. It is widely recognized that FICO is a measure of past ability to pay. New credit scores that focus more on future ability to pay are being deployed to enhance credit risk models. L2C offers an alternative credit score that uses utility payment histories to determine creditworthiness, and many lenders use this score in addition to bureau scores to make lending decisions. Many lenders use Scorelogix’s JSS score in addition to bureau scores, given that the JSS score incorporates job and income stability to determine whether the borrower will have the ability to repay debt in the future. It is thought that the FICO score will remain the dominant score, but it will likely be used in conjunction with other alternative credit scores that offer other pictures of risk.
There is a 91-point difference between the average scores of those in the oldest bracket of consumers and those in the youngest group, according to a new analysis that FICO performed for MONEY. With each decade, the average score increases by about 20 points.
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hawkne, you are incorrect. One of the biggest impacts on a credit score is the length of credit history, which for young people, is usually very low. In order to get the best score, you need to have at 7 years of credit history. Another factor is number of accounts, also low for young people. And credit utilization, which is directly impacted by your credit limit, which is almost always orders of magnitude lower for people with little credit history. The other factor – number of inquiries in the last two years – is also high (lower score) for people just starting to utilize credit, since they have just started opening their accounts. Basically, a person who is just starting to build his/her credit history has a terrible score. I can tell you this from personal experience, as a person who has a relatively new credit history, with no late payments, and has been monitoring it like a hawk.
15%: length of credit history aka Time in File: As a credit history ages it can have a positive impact on its FICO score. There are two metrics in this category: the average age of the accounts on a report and the age of the oldest account.
Pay your bills on time – If you miss a payment or pay your bill late, it will most likely be submitted to the reporting agencies and appear on your credit report. Therefore, it is important to pay all your bills on time, including your credit card, utilities, cable and phone bills.
Could we suggest getting your free credit score from Credit.com? It comes with a personalized explanation of why your score is what it is. That is a low score for no issues other than the house sale not being reported. You should also take a look at your free credit reports (one from each of the three major credit reporting agencies) and dispute any errors. Here’s how to get your free annual credit reports. Should you find mistakes, here’s how to dispute them:
Americans are entitled to one free credit report in every 12-month period from each of the three credit bureaus, but are not entitled to receive a free credit score. The three credit bureaus run Annualcreditreport.com, where users can get their free credit reports. Credit scores are available as an add-on feature of the report for a fee. If the consumer disputes an item on a credit report obtained using the free system, under the Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA), the credit bureaus have 45 days to investigate, rather than 30 days for reports obtained otherwise.
Rather than putting money into an account and then borrowing against it (which will entail interest payments), a person should apply for a secured credit card and pay off the balance in full each month. This will help build credit. Once a credit history is established, then decide if you want to apply for a few other credit cards in order to build a more substantial credit history.
Most credit scores – including the FICO score and VantageScore 3.0 – operate within the range of 300 to 850, and a score of 700 or above is generally considered to be good. Within that range, there are different categories, from bad to excellent. They generally look like this:
Your credit scores don’t include information on your marital status. (See What Happens to Your Credit When You Get Married?) However, if you choose joint accounts or adding a spouse as an authorized user, it might. You can find more information in this post: 3 Ways Love Can Affect Your Credit Scores
Why budget? If you have a budget it is less likely that you will be short on money by the time the bill comes (this bill should be paid in full). You should never buy something that you can’t afford NOW (exception house and maybe car) so at the end of the month it is paid in full. Keep Util rate between 1% and 9% as creditors want to see responsible and controlled usage. Plan ahead means that if you want to buy a house you (this is a big decision) you begin planning stage at least 1 year prior to the search of a home. This gives you time to verify credit scores, fix anything that is not accurate, lower balances should you have any balances not paid in full, pay off loans to decrease Debt-to-Income ratio, in other words, make yourself as attractive as possible to a potential lender.
Gerri Detweiler – high credit scores are so highly sought after that the alternate route of building wealth is nearly inconceivable. I am curious to see if there is an answer to my question…if i maintain payments on my credit card at 10% utilization, how long will it take me to acquire a million dollar net worth??
THIS is exactly what I’m talking about. Life happens to people and it can be really harsh. Some people seem to think they’re immune to misfortune but it can happen to anyone, anytime. I wish you luck. I’m working on my credit score now (after a lot of similarities) and it’s slowly going up. Best wishes to you!
Why are credit scores so different between each credit reporting agency? Mine are about 70 points different. I have a year of on time payments, but score is still in the 600 area, no credit previously.
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I made the mistake of cancelling all of my credit cards after I got work abroad straight out of college. Four years later, I am now trying to apply for credit cards but keep getting rejected. I used to have a credit score in the mid-700’s but not it has been reduced to 665… I didn’t know much about credit scores except that I needed to pay off my credit cards before they were due to maintain a good score (which I did). My salary is so much higher now and I get direct deposits from a US institution to a US bank… the 665 is still a decent score. I’m frustrated with constantly being rejected for credit cards. Any advise?
There are a lot of people out there with incomes into the six figures that have bad credit. The reason is not that they don’t make enough money or that they aren’t saving enough. The reason is that they have made bad choices with their debt.
According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), employment growth for financial managers was predicted to increase by nine percent from 2012 to 2022, which is as fast as the average for all occupations (www.bls.gov). At a rate of five percent, growth is expected to be slower in the depository credit intermediation industry, which includes commercial banking institutions. The BLS reports that, as of May 2013, financial managers earned an annual wage of $126,660 on average.
No need to obsess about hitting that 850 mark. But if you want to try and reach it: Pay all your bills on time, eliminate nearly all of your debt (excluding a mortgage) and use, on average, no more than 7% of your available credit from all your accounts.